Learn Android App Development with TechJoshOnline

Introduction:

Android application development is the process by which android applications are created and run on android devices. Android applications are developed using Kotlin, Java, C++ and by using an android software development kit (SDK) developing an application in another language is also possible.

Software Development Kit(SDK):

It is the collection of software development tools which is an installable package. It makes the creation of application easy because it has a compiler, debugger, and a software framework. Some SDKs are platform-specific for example java platform requires Java Development Kit (JDK) and for iOS application, iOS SDK is required. Some SDKs can also take the form of an application programming interface (API). The average android mobile application implements 15.6 SDKs with gaming applications implements 17.6 different SDKs. The most popular android SDKs are Analytics and Advertisement.

Android Versions:

Android has broken the 10-year history of naming the android releases after desserts. Google has officially announced it’s android 10 version as Android 10, not Android Q. Google has stated that it is changing the name of the android releases to make clear and relatable for global users.

Some of the android versions with their names are listed in the table below:

Android VersionsAndroid Names
Android 1.5Cupcake
Android 1.6Donot
Android 2.0, Android 2.1Éclair
Android 2.2Froyo
Android 2.3, Android 2.4Gingerbread
Android 3.0 to Android 3.2Honeycomb
Android 4.0Ice Cream Sandwich
Android 4.1 to Android 4.3.1Jelly Bean
Android 4.4 to Android 4.4.4KitKat
Android 5.1 to Android 5.1.1Lollipop
Android 6.0 to Android 6.0.1Marshmallow
Android 7.0 to Android 7.1Nougat
Android 8.0 to Android 8.1Oreo
Android 9.0Pie
Android 10NOT (Q) Just android 10

PC Requirement for android installation:

For Windows PC:

  • 4 GB RAM (8 GB RAM recommended)
  • 2 GB of available disk space, 4 GB Recommended (500 MB for IDE + 1.5 GB for Android SDK and emulator system image)
  • 1280 x 800 minimum screen resolution
  • Microsoft Windows 7/8/10 (32- or 64-bit). The Android Emulator supports 64-bit Windows only

For MAC:

  • 4 GB RAM (8 GB RAM recommended)
  • 2 GB of available disk space, 4 GB Recommended (500 MB for IDE + 1.5 GB for Android SDK and emulator system image)
  • 1280 x 800 minimum screen resolution
  • Mac OS X 10.10 or higher

Necessary tool of an android developer:

1. Android Studio

It is the official Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for developing Google android application. It works based on JetBrains and IntelliJ IDEA software. With an android studio, we can create applications for Android phones, tablets, Wear OS, Android TV, or Automotive OS, and also with android studio flutter projects are also developed which have the capability to develop multiple platform software like iOS, Android as well as Web and Desktop app.

2. Android Debug Bridge (ADB)

It is a command-line tool that helps to communicate with devices. It helps debug and install our application on mobile phones. There is a plugin available in an android studio called wifi ADB which helps debug and install our application wirelessly and for that both the devices must be in the same network.

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3. Android Virtual Device (AVD) Manager

AVD Manager is a device configuration that runs on an android emulator. It works with the emulator to provide a virtual device-specific environment that helps run and install the application on the emulator. We can create an application for TV, Phone, Wear OS, and Automotive.

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4. Fabric

It is a crash reporting and analytics tools for mobile applications. One of the most powerful tool provided by fabric is Crashlytics. It provides crash reporting service that can track your android application crashes and statistical information and analytics.

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5. Genymotion

It is an android emulator that has designed for developers to debug and test applications.  It is a safe virtual environment for developers. It is free for personal use but to use Genymotion desktop for business a license should be brought.

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6. Vysor

It is an application that enables you to control your smartphone from your computer as if it were just another window. For vysor to use we have to connect our phone with our computer port.

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Some useful application for android development Tutorial

1. Tutorial for android – Quiz and Example (Rating 4.5)

2. Master Android – Learn Android, Java & Flutter(Rating 4.5)

3. Learn Android With Source Code(Rating 4.4)

4. Learn Android Tutorial – Android App Development (Rating 4.3)

5. Learn Android App Development: Tutorials(Rating 4.3)

How to learn android development?

Learning to develop android application is quite simple if you are from the computer background and if you know java then you can learn developing simple android application with less than 3 month of time by doing courses provided online from https://unacademy.com/, https://www.edx.org/, https://www.coursera.org/ and taking help from youtube and by applying the tutorials made on https://www.androidhive.info/, https://www.tutorialspoint.com/, https://www.javatpoint.com/. You can check the official documentation on android by visiting https://developer.android.com/.You can start developing application from initial phase only to start it in better and in effective ways. You can also follow some best UI designing pages on facebook like https://www.facebook.com/CreativeDevelopers05/for having good UI Skills and for applying theming and coloring there is official https://www.materialpalette.com/.

Some best android development framework?

1. React Native

App Builder is a cross-platform app creator that lets the users create apps for Android, iPhone, iPad, and HTML Web apps with no coding knowledge.

Reactive Core architecture for React Native and React applications ...
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2. Dojo Mobile

Dojo Mobile is a framework that allows you to effortlessly create cross-device-compatible mobile web applications. A Dojo Mobile application is usually made of multiple View widgets and the user can navigate through the views back and forth with animated transition effects.

The Dojo Toolkit An Introduction
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3. Flutter

Flutter is a cross-platform development framework with a single code base we can create the application for android, iOS, Web, and Desktop applications. It is integrated in an android studio and the language used in flutter is a dart.

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4. Xamarin

Xamarin is an open-source platform for building modern and performant applications for iOS, Android, and Windows with .NET. Xamarin is for the developers who develop cross-platform applications and share code and business logic across platforms.

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5. NativeScript

NativeScript is an open-source framework to develop apps on the Apple iOS and Android platforms. It uses JavaScript, Angular, and TypeScript for building applications. 

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6. Ionic

Ionic Framework is an open-source UI toolkit for building performant, high-quality mobile and desktop apps using web technologies – HTML, CSS, and JavaScript with integrations for popular frameworks like Angular and React. Its goal is to build and deploy apps that work across multiple platforms, such as native iOS, Android, desktop, and the web as a Progressive Web App

Ionic: An AngularJS based framework on the rise - codecentric AG Blog
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Some books for android app development?

1. Head First Android Development: A Brain-Friendly Guide (Dawn Griffiths & David Griffiths)

2. Android Programming: The Big Nerd Ranch Guide (bill phillips & brian hardy)

3. Android Development for Gifted Primates: A Beginner’s Guide (Tsagaris, Antonis)

4. Android Cookbook: Problems and Solutions for Android Developers (Darwin, Ian F.)

5. Learn Android Studio 3 with Kotlin: Efficient Android App Development (Hagos, Ted)

7. Professional Android (Reto Meier, Ian Lake)

8. Android Studio 4.0 Development Essentials (Smyth, Neil)

Quality of a good application developer?

  1. Positive attitude
  2. Time and task management
  3. Quick learning ability
  4. User-Focused
  5. Knowledge hunger
  6. Teamwork
  7. Problem-solving
  8. Analytical mindset
  9. Good communication Skill
  10. Curious

I hope this guide to the “Android App Development? will help you. If you have any additional questions, feel free to ask me in the comments section below.

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